Somali cats are called so according to the name of a region named “Somali” which is close to the Abyssinia. Around the year of the 1920s until the 1930s, from a breeding program, this cat breed of the semi-long hair appeared spontaneously. Some of the Abyssinian kittens had a tail with thick fur, fluffy like a brush and long hair that covers their entire body.
Long-hair gene is recessive (lost/covered) compared with the short-hair gene. At first, the long-haired cats were not recognized. Many breeders of Abyssinian did not want to admit some of the kittens they produce which were long-haired. Because they showed genetic impurity in their Aby cats.
In order to improve the stability of the genetic type of Aby cat, long-haired Aby cats were excluded from breeding programs and hidden. Then in around 1960′s, some breeders in the United States began to develop this long-haired Aby and registered them as a separate cat breed called Somali cat.
Started in 1978, Somali cats have been considered as one cat breed with stable genetic traits that and have a distinct class in the cat contests held by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA). In 1991 the Great Britain Cat Association has approved and allowed participation of Somali cat in the cat contests.
Appearance Characteristics of Somali Cats
- Somali cats are long haired cats with big ears and bushy fur tail like a fluffy fox’s tail.
- Somali cat has average cats’ body size and well-developed muscles.
- Although their bodies are cobby to slim, their movement is quite flexible and graceful. The way they stand by slightly and gracefully raised seems like standing on their tiptoes.
- Their faces are slender, wide and flat.
- Somali cats’ eyes are large, almond-shaped with golden, green or hazel color.
- Their ears have average sizes with a wide and curved bottom of the ears.
- The hair or fur tail is full and fluffy.
- It is more preferably some of them which have a long ruff (neck fur or hair), as well as on their hind legs.
- Somali cats’ characteristics are similar to the Abyssinians, except the long fur or hair. As it is about the Persian exotic longhair and shorthair, both breeds have similar characteristics, except for their hair length. Some other cat breeds are also formed of fur or hair length variations, such as the Cymric (a long-haired version of the Manx) and Tiffanie (a long-haired version of Burmilla).
- Unlike most other long-haired cats, Somali cats’ hair loss is less. Usually, the hair loss occurs regularly on a long-haired cat but for Somali cats, the hair loss only happens twice a year.
- There are four main colors of Somali cats breed which are recognized or approved in America, namely: Ruddy, Red, Blue, and Fawn.
Pattern and Color
- There is also a ticked tabby pattern which is more often called agouti tabby except on the inner part.
- Somali cats’ tabby color pattern is characterized by a pattern of lines like the letter “M” above the cats’ eye. Characteristic of agouti tabby is having two or three stripes with different colors on each strand of hair.
- Ruddy is a tabby agouti color pattern on the Somali and Abyssinian cats with stripe color or black markings.
- Gray tabby color is called Blue, while the Fawn is a greenish brown color.
- In Europe, the Red color is more often called “Sorrel.” European cat clubs also began to develop a variety of silver color.
- Coat color in the nose, chin, and neck which are white are allowed or approved. A ticked pattern will look perfect after the age of 18 months.
Behavioral Characteristics of Somali Cats
- Somalia is one cat breed which likes to be spoiled.
- Somalia cats are more like being on your lap and be stroked.
- Somali cats are very social creatures.
- They have ekstrovet character, very social and love to play. Their voice is soft and not too vocal.
- They are playful, active, and friendly, and curious creatures.
- Somali cats can manage to open the cabinets and other secret places and hide in there.
- Some cat owners say that the cats sometimes run around the house and playing with toys.
- For the skill and dexterity, they can sometimes be equated with monkeys. Thus, it is suggested that cat owners should provide spaces for the Somali cats to explore.
It is recommended also that the Somali cat can play with other cats as well. Somali cats are a calm communicator, with a soft, high-pitched snoring.
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