Cat nutrition and diet is unique and different from the dog (do not feed the cats with food for dogs or dog foods). Make sure you provide cat foods which contain a number of vitamins and nutrients.
Don’t be tempted by low prices, because cheap food doesn’t mean good. Get used to observe the content of the cat food which is usually printed on the packaging. Here are some references to the cat nutrition which is needed:
- Arachidonic acid (arachidonic acid).
- High protein, at least 25%. The higher protein in the ingredient is usually better.
- Low-fat, fat digestion efficiency in cats is very low.
- Low pH (high acid degree).
- Low magnesium. High magnesium can cause interference in the urinary tract.
- Vitamins and minerals (Vitamin A, B12, Niacin, Thiamin).
Table of Contents
Cat Nutrition in Two Type of Cat Foods
- Dry food
Dry food is usually good for a cat. Giving a dry food is good for dental health, it is more durable and generally, it’s more nutritious because it contains many extra nutrients.
- Wet food/Canned food
Wet food / canned food is less well provided for the long-term food stock. These foods are usually more ‘junk food’ for cats. Additionally, it may cause poor dental health since it often causes plaque and tartar, and the nutrient content is less complete. Cats which are usually given wet food is rather difficult to be switched with another type of food-especially dry food.
Cat Nutrition in Food Need By Age & Condition
Kittens can begin to be fed at the age of 3-4 weeks. Food provided is usually soaked in warm water to taste, crushed and pulverized. For the first time, the kittens still need to be taught, fed with a dropper or apply a small portion of food to the mouth, then hold the plate of food to see if it will eat its own. Give special food for kittens because it usually contains a higher protein and many nutrients needed for their growth.
Up to the age of 2-3 months, the number or the proportion of water in their foods can be reduced gradually until the cat can eat dry food completely.
> 1 Year Adult Cat
Adult cats are weighing about 8-11 pounds then ??at least require about 300 calories for energy from food. Thus you should provide adequate food and balanced nutrition. There are usually written on cat food packaging Complete or Balanced nutrition. Try not to feed with the same brand continuously. Occasionally you need to change brands of cat food for a train the cat’s digestion on various types of food. Make sure also about the pH and mineral content in the food to avoid urinary tract disorders.
Pregnant & Breastfeeding Cat
Pregnant and breastfeeding mother cats need food with high protein content. When pregnant the cat is usually fed with kitten food because of higher protein content in the kitten food. Calcium supplements may be given to the mother cats which breastfeed their kittens.
Food Intake for Better Cat Nutrition
Remember that adult cats need 300 calories in their foods for energy, so make sure about the calorie content is written in food packaging, determine the food servings to meet the calorie needs for one day, then divide that amount in accordance with the frequency of meals (2 or 3 times a day).
As for better consideration, calculate also the weight of the cat. It is usually that cats eat about 2% of their body weight every day. So when the cat’s weight 10 pounds, the food takes about 2% x 10 pounds which is about 100 grams per day.